Cannabis isn’t the simple plant that our grandparents warned us about.  The cannabis we know (and sell) today, and all of its parts go far beyond the rolled joint known commonly as marijuana, weed and Mary Jane. The entourage effect occurs when compounds of the cannabis plant (like terpenes, essential oils, and all cannabinoids native to the species) interact in synergy to amplify its therapeutic effects. Before you choose a cannabis product, consider what is best for you: either whole plant extraction which will give you the full-spectrum of benefits, or you can isolate of one specific cannabinoid to reap one particular benefit. While THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, is still illegal in Bermuda at levels above 1%, there are many other (legal) parts of the cannabis plant that we can enjoy and benefit from. Here are the ABCs of cannabis:

CBD – cannabidiol is the cannabinoid that is most widely studied and accepted.
Benefits of CBD: Helps to reduce muscle spasms and anxiety, acts as a sleep aid, muscle relaxant, and antidepressant, helps to increase appetite, aids in pain relief, reduces nausea, inhibits tumor cell growth and acts as an anti-inflammatory. CBD can be used to treat anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain and inflammation, opioid withdrawal, epilepsy and seizure disorders. It is available in various forms, including tincture, salve, muscle rub, tea, and edibles (chocolate and gummies).

CBDa – cannabidiolic acid is abundant in plant varieties high in CBD. It converts to the better-known CBD overtime or with heat.
Benefits of CBDa: It helps to kill cancer cells and ideally used in support of cancer treatment.

CBG – cannabigerol is the decarboxylated form of cannabigerol acid. It is available in flower form and is often referred to as the mother of all cannabinoids.
Benefits of CBG: Lowers blood pressure, acts as a muscle relaxant, provides anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties, acts as an anti-inflammatory and inhibits tumor cell growth. CBG can be used to combat pain and relieve anxiety.

CBN – cannabinol is mostly found in cannabis that is aged and stored and is created when THCa oxidizes.
Benefits of CBN: It is a pain reliever, sleep aid, anti-convulsant, and immune system regulator. CBN can be used to help alleviate insomnia and relieve pain.

Delta-8 is a cannabinoid that has become very popular lately due to its similarities to its illegal close relative Delta-9 THC.  Delta-8 contains neuroprotective properties. It is derived from CBD and is thus legal and available.  Beware though, it is a far more potent cannabinoid than one may realize.
Benefits of Delta-8: Promotes healthy sleep, alleviates pain and inflammation, improves appetite and inhibits nausea and vomiting. Delta-8 can be used to alleviate insomnia, improve brain health and relieve chronic pain.

THCa – tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is a non-toxic cannabinoid found in raw and live cannabis. As the cannabis plant is dried, it converts to THC.
Benefits of THCa: It inhibits tumor growth, is an anti-convulsant and anti-inflammatory. THCa is ideally used for to alleviate symptoms of arthritis and seizures.

THCv is a cannabinoid like THC in molecular structure and psychoactive properties but provides different effects.
Benefits of THCv: It decreases appetite, reduces blood sugar, is an anti-convulsant and is a bone stimulant. THCv is ideally used as a potential treatment for obesity associated with glucose intolerance.

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We at People’s, we typically recommend a full spectrum tincture (containing all cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils present in the cannabis plant) but cannabinoids should be used in their isolate forms when more specific needs require it, such as athletes or those who are drug tested for THC at work.

For information on using cannabis medicinally, the health team at People’s is fully equipped to help you with selecting the formula or compound that is right for you. If you require a more tailored approach to getting started with cannabis, email or follow Tamara @mvmtwithtamaradonnelle on all social platforms.

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